Venous insufficiency is a debilitating disease that may result in permanent vessel damage in the lower extremities. Due to the absence of oxygen to facilitate normal processes, the cells become more susceptible to impairment.
If the occlusion remains untreated for prolonged periods, it causes irreversible damage to the surrounding tissues in the legs.
What signs are suggestive of venous insufficiency?
Venous insufficiency has high morbidity because most individuals fail to detect early manifestations of the disease. You may experience sharp, localized pain in the affected leg that worsens when standing up, running, or jumping.
You will also notice one-sided leg swelling due to an accumulation of blood that cannot travel upward into the heart and lungs. In some cases, you may see redness, warmth, and discoloration that are suggestive of progressive tissue damage.
If you experience a sudden onset of these symptoms despite lacking a disease entity, you must visit a vascular specialist right away.
How do you manage venous insufficiency?
The treatment of venous insufficiency is highly dependent on the stage and extent of leg tissue damage. During the early stages, doctors recommend initial conservative therapy such as compression stockings and diuretics to provide symptomatic relief.
During the latter stages of the disease, medical therapy cannot sufficiently reverse the damage caused by occluded vessels. The doctor performs surgical treatment through angioplasty using a venous stent to improve circulation.
What are the contraindications for venous stent placement?
Venous stent placement is a surgical technique that requires sufficient preparation. Hence, patients who have a recent intake of aspirin and anticoagulants cannot undergo the procedure due to higher risks throughout the process.
Major conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes, heart problems, and kidney failure are other contraindications for surgery.
Venous insufficiency has several deleterious effects on your health. It is crucial to undergo immediate surgical treatment if conservative therapy has minimal impact on promoting blood flow.