Before getting into the symptoms of May-Thurner Syndrome, one must first understand what exactly is this condition. This article will be explaining all the basic things you need to know, such as the major causes and the symptoms.
The cause of this condition
May-Thurner Syndrome, or in clinical terms, iliac vein compression syndrome explains a condition in which a buildup of pressure is present in the left common iliac vein. The common iliac vein is a blood vessel found in the pelvic region. The right common iliac artery is what typically causes the compression that results in this problem.
Because of the human anatomy, this artery traverses the left common iliac vein, pushing it right against the spine. This can cause clots to form and even compromise the blood blow within the vein altogether if the compression becomes severe. What exactly causes these compressions is not yet clear to doctors. However, the clots that form from this condition can possibly get loose from the vein and cause serious health problems and death.
Most people are not even aware that they have May-Thurner Syndrome unless the symptoms arise with the simultaneous condition called deep vein thrombosis or DVT. It occurs when there is a clot forming in the veins of the leg. This normally causes pain and swelling in the leg along with varicose veins and even bleeding. For other cases, May-Thurner Syndrome can also result in pulmonary embolisms. Pulmonary embolisms are the result of a large clot that breaks out and clogs itself into the lungs. Pulmonary embolism symptoms are as follows: Breathing problems, coughing of blood, and an abnormally elevated heart rate.
May-Thurner Syndrome may be difficult to detect but it is quite a serious condition to have. Once symptoms appear, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible to avoid further complications.